Nothing found at Mycenae confirms this fable or the particular history told by Homer.

Homer's narratives do seem to draw on the Mycenaean culture, among other sources. They assume a culture of city states led by heroes known for their fighting prowess.

But the excavations at Mycenae do not match up in time with the story of Homer. The so-called "mask of Agamemnon" cannot be from that king, the timing is wrong.

Homer's work, in other words, includes cultural practices from several eras mixed together - but one of the eras is that of Mycenae.

The legend of King Agamemnon

The story is that Agamemnon was lord of Mycenae and leader of all the Greek fighters.

Menelaus of Sparta married Helen of Argos. Paris of Troy seduces (kidnaps?) Helen and takes her back to Troy. Menelaus recruits his brother, Agamemnon of Mycenae to take revenge. Agamemnon summons surrounding cities to send troops and ships.

The Trojan war was fought to get her back.

Once home, Helen returned to Sparta and her husband. But Agamemnon was killed by his wife, Clytemnestra, perhaps in revenge for how Agamemnon sacrificed their daughter Iphigeneia to the gods to ensure a successful trip.

Last modified 6/15/11; posted 3/28/09. Original content © 2011, 2009 John P. Nordin